Breaches of Injunctions – what happens next?

28th October 2022


by Joshua Shuardson-Hipkin, Solicitor, Civil Litigation Department

Much is reported in the news about ‘Injunctions’ or ‘Injunctive Relief’ with great media attention being given to those concerning the rich and famous.

However, Injunctions can be made for varying reasons and are a way of resolving disputes.  S.37 of the Senior Courts Act 1981 allows the Court to grant an injunction to require a party either:

  • To do a specified act (mandatory injunction).
  • To refrain from doing a specified act (prohibitory injunction).

In view of the above, the question arises as to what can be done if, notwithstanding an injunction being granted, a respondent fails to do the specified act or does not refrain from doing the specified act. The answer is that all injunctions will carry what is known as a ‘penal notice’ commonly phrased as follows:


This is a powerful statement and one which serves as a direct warning to the respondent that disobedience or breach of the order would be a contempt of court, punishable by imprisonment, a fine, confiscation of assets or other punishment under the law.

For this reason, injunctions can be one of the most effective ways of resolving a dispute. It gives an applicant the comfort that if the order is not complied with, steps can be taken which could ultimately lead to a depravation of the respondent’s liberty.

Injunctions are granted in a wide range of scenarios with some of the most well-known being reported in the following cases:

Trafigura v Guardian News and Media Limited [2009] EWHC 2540 (QB)

In which Trafigura attempted to use a super-injunction to prevent the press reporting details of its toxic waste dumping in the Ivory Coast in Africa.

CTB v News Group Newspapers Ltd [2011]

Concerning details of Ryan Giggs affair with Imogen Thomas and the publication of the same.

Terry v Persons Unknown [2010] 1 FCR 659

In which John Terry sought to injunct the publication of private materials concerning his relationship with another woman.

While these are just some examples, the injunctive relief toolkit available to litigants is extremely broad and can be used in a wide range of circumstances. Common uses of injunctions in ‘ordinary’ situations can include the following:

  • Infringement of Intellectual Property Rights.
  • Theft of Clients.
  • Issues concerning the actions of minority shareholders.
  • Breach of Contract.
  • To prevent dissipation of funds or assets.
  • Issues concerning boundaries and rights of way.

Fraser Dawbarns regularly seek injunctive relief on behalf of clients. If you would like to discuss the process of obtaining an injunction, or the grounds for doing so, please do not hesitate to contact Joshua Shuardson-Hipkin either by telephone 01553 666600 or by email

Find out more about Joshua Shuardson-Hipkin

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This article aims to supply general information, but it is not intended to constitute advice. Every effort is made to ensure that the law referred to is correct at the date of publication and to avoid any statement which may mislead. However, no duty of care is assumed to any person and no liability is accepted for any omission or inaccuracy. Always seek advice specific to your own circumstances.  Fraser Dawbarns LLP are always happy to provide such advice.

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